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Chinese Materia Medica(2)

1. Herbs for Relieving Exterior Syndromes (Pungent and Warm)

1) ephedra

2) cinnamon twig

3) schizonepeta

4) ledebouriella root

5) perilla leaf

6) fresh ginger

7) notopterygium root

8) dahurian angelica root

9) chinese lovage root

10) spring onion

11) magnolia flower

2. Herbs for Relieving Exterior Syndromes (Pungent and Cool)

(to be continued)


materia medica




Botanical Name : Ephedra sinica  
Parts Used : Ramulus  
Possible English Names : ephedra  
Japanese Name : maou  
Chinese Name : ma-huang  
Property : warm  
Taste : pungent and slightly bitter  
Affinity : the LIS  
  urinary bladder channels  
Effects : 1. diaphoresis  
  2. relieving asthma  
  3. diuresis  
# "Exterior syndrome" refers to the symptoms and signs along with the cold and flu, such as chills, fever, headache, etc.



Indications :      
Signs, Symptoms and Illnesses Pattern Analysis Combination Formula

(1) chill, fever, headache,arthralgia and no sweat

Pulse : superficial and tight

exterior cold syndrome of excess type due to exopathic wind-cold cinnamon twig Ma-Ou-Tou
(2) cough and dyspnea impaired dispersion of the LIS-qi bitter apricot kernel, licorice San-You-Tou
* ------with fever and yellow mucous sputum pathogenic heat in the LIS gypsum Ma-kyou-Kan-seki-Tou
*------ with profuse clear sputum and white coated tongue cold-phlegm in the LIS asarum herb, dried ginger and pinellia tuber Shou-Sei-Ryuu-Tou
(3) general edema and fever exterior syndrome of excess type gypsum, white atractylodes rhizome
(4) arthralgia wind-dampness Job’s tears, white atractylodes rhizome


Note : "Combination" shows medicinal herbs usually or often used in combination with ephedra. "Formula" shows the one which contains the group of herbs on the left.




the early stage of the common cold and flu, bronchial asthma, chronic bronchitis, etc  
Dosage : 1.5 - 9 grams  
Administration :    

to be decocted with water

for oral administration

( # see below )

* for relieving asthma, to be used after being stir-fried with honey

Precautions :    
  not to be used in large dosage  
Warnings ( Contraindications ) :    

It must not be taken in the following cases.


1. hypertension

2. spontaneous sweating due to exterior deficiency

3. night sweat due to yin deficiency

4. asthma due to qi-absorption failure of the KHS




# Decoction
(1) Tools: sauce pan ( non-metal ), bamboo basket ( “Take-zaru” ), bowl ( non-metal ), gauze
(2) How to make :
1. Pour 4 glasses of cold tap water ( about 800ml ) into the pan.
2. Remove the medicinal herbs from the paper bag ( packaging ).
3. Add them to the water.
4. Boil and stir for about 30 min, until the total volume of the water has been reduced to half.
First heat with a full flame, then once it’s boiled, reduce the flame to simmer.
5. Place the bamboo basket with 2 sheets of gauze onto the bowl.
6. Pour the boiling water and medicinal herbs through the filter.
* Gauze is sold at pharmacies ( 5m,10m,20m ).
You should cut the gauze into a suitable sized square.
7. Divide soup into 2 cups equally.