The theory of chinese medicine (tcm)
- FIVE CONTROL SYSTEMS(1)
Concept of Organs in TCM
Through the experiences from autopsy, clinical observation and medical study, TCM (Traditional Chinese Medicine) divided the organs of the human body into following three groups.
Major Five Visceras : the Heart, the Lung, the Spleen, the Liver, the Kidney
Minor Six bowels : the Stomach, the Small Intestine, the Large Intestine, the Gallbladder, the Urinary Bladder, the Triple Burner
Extraordinary Curious Organs : the Brain, the Medulla, the Bones, the Uterus, the Blood Vessels
Here, our focus will be on the major five organs, and other organs will be explained later.
The Five Control Systems
It is very important to point out that there is a big difference between TCM and modern medicine in terms of the concept or interpretation of the organs.
TCM divided the system which controls the homeostasis of the human body into "five" under the influence of the five elements theory ( wood, fire, earth etc ),
and called them after the name of the organs such as the liver, the heart, the spleen etc. This gives rise to confusion because TCM has included the function of the immune system, the endocrine system and even the nervous system ( i.e.mind ) , in that of five organs, which would be one of the causes that TCM is often referred to as "non scientific medicine" or "superstitious medicine". On our web site, we intend to call them "the five control systems" in order to avoid the confusion. The name of every system is as follows:
The Heart and Emotional System (HES) <--------- The Heart
The Lung and Immune Systen (LIS) <--------------- The Lung
The Digestive and Absorptive System (DAS) <--- The Spleen
The Liver and Emotional System (LES) <--------- The Liver
The Kidney and Hormonal System (KHS) <--------- The Kidney