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Chinese Materia Medica(2)

1. Herbs for Relieving Exterior Syndromes (Pungent and Warm)

1) ephedra

2) cinnamon twig

3) schizonepeta

4) ledebouriella root

5) perilla leaf

6) fresh ginger

7) notopterygium root

8) dahurian angelica root

9) chinese lovage root

10) spring onion

11) magnolia flower

2. Herbs for Relieving Exterior Syndromes (Pungent and Cool)

(to be continued)


materia medica

Spring Onion


Botanical Name : Allium fistulosum  
Parts Used : Herba(?)  
Possible English Names : spring onion  
Japanese Name : souhaku  
Chinese Name :    
Property : warm  
Taste : pungent  
Affinity : the channels of the LIS and stomach  
Effects : 1. relieving exterior syndrome by diaphoresis  

2. dispersing pathogenic cold to promote the flow of abdominal yang

i.e. warming the alimentary tract to promote its function

# "Exterior syndrome" refers to the symptoms and signs along with the cold and flu, such as chills, fever, headache, etc.



Indications :      
Signs, Symptoms and Illnesses Pattern Analysis Combination Formula

(1) fever, headache, nasal congestion and no sweat

exterior syndrome due to exopathic wind-cold

fresh ginger,

black soybean


(2) diarrhea, abdominal pain and a feeling of coldness in the abdomen

Pulse : fainting

due to the development of pathogenic coldness in the abdomen

prepared lateral root of aconite,

dried ginger



Note : "Combination" shows medicinal herbs usually or often used in combination with spring onion. "Formula" shows the one which contains the group of herbs on the left.




the early stage of mild common cold, diarrhea, etc  
Dosage : 3-10grams  
Administration :    

to be decocted with water

for oral administration

( # see below )




# Decoction
(1) Tools: sauce pan ( non-metal ), bamboo basket ( “Take-zaru” ), bowl ( non-metal ), gauze
(2) How to make :
1. Pour 4 glasses of cold tap water ( about 800ml ) into the pan.
2. Remove the medicinal herbs from the paper bag ( packaging ).
3. Add them to the water.
4. Boil and stir for about 30 min, until the total volume of the water has been reduced to half.
First heat with a full flame, then once it’s boiled, reduce the flame to simmer.
5. Place the bamboo basket with 2 sheets of gauze onto the bowl.
6. Pour the boiling water and medicinal herbs through the filter.
* Gauze is sold at pharmacies ( 5m,10m,20m ).
You should cut the gauze into a suitable sized square.
7. Divide soup into 2 cups equally.