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Chinese Materia Medica(2)

1. Herbs for Relieving Exterior Syndromes (Pungent and Warm)

1) ephedra

2) cinnamon twig

3) schizonepeta

4) ledebouriella root

5) perilla leaf

6) fresh ginger

7) notopterygium root

8) dahurian angelica root

9) chinese lovage root

10) spring onion

11) magnolia flower

2. Herbs for Relieving Exterior Syndromes (Pungent and Cool)

(to be continued)


materia medica

Fresh ginger


Botanical Name : Zingiber offiinale  
Parts Used : Rhizoma  
Possible English Names : fresh ginger  
Japanese Name : shoukyou  
Chinese Name : sheng jiang  
Property : slightly warm  
Taste : pungent  
Affinity : the channels of the LIS, DAS and stomach  
Effects : 1. relieving exterior syndrome by diaphoresis  
  2. warming abdomen to arrest vomiting  
  3. activating the digestive and absorptive function to promote appetite  
  4. detoxication : pinellia tuber, arisaema tuber and seafood poisoning  
# "Exterior syndrome" refers to the symptoms and signs along with the cold and flu, such as chills, fever, headache, etc.



Indications :      
Signs, Symptoms and Illnesses Pattern Analysis Combination Formula

(1) chills, fever, headache, nasal congestion, etc

exterior syndrome due to exopathic wind-cold cinnamon twig


* 1

(2) vomiting


cold obturation in the stomach pinellia tuber


Note : "Combination" shows medicinal herbs usually or often used in combination with fresh ginger. "Formula" shows the one which contains the group of herbs on the left.

* 1 For mild cold you should take the decoction of fresh ginger, adding brown sugar.




1. the early stage of the common cold and flu

2. vomiting due to stomach flu and indigestion

3. poisoning caused by pinellia tuber, arisaema tuber and seafood

Dosage : 3-9grams  
Administration :    

to be decocted with water

for oral administration

( # see below )


to be taken with hot water after being ground down into powder



# Decoction
(1) Tools: sauce pan ( non-metal ), bamboo basket ( “Take-zaru” ), bowl ( non-metal ), gauze
(2) How to make :
1. Pour 4 glasses of cold tap water ( about 800ml ) into the pan.
2. Remove the medicinal herbs from the paper bag ( packaging ).
3. Add them to the water.
4. Boil and stir for about 30 min, until the total volume of the water has been reduced to half.
First heat with a full flame, then once it’s boiled, reduce the flame to simmer.
5. Place the bamboo basket with 2 sheets of gauze onto the bowl.
6. Pour the boiling water and medicinal herbs through the filter.
* Gauze is sold at pharmacies ( 5m,10m,20m ).
You should cut the gauze into a suitable sized square.
7. Divide soup into 2 cups equally.