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Chinese Materia Medica(2)

1. Herbs for Relieving Exterior Syndromes (Pungent and Warm)

1) ephedra

2) cinnamon twig

3) schizonepeta

4) ledebouriella root

5) perilla leaf

6) fresh ginger

7) notopterygium root

8) dahurian angelica root

9) chinese lovage root

10) spring onion

11) magnolia flower

2. Herbs for Relieving Exterior Syndromes (Pungent and Cool)

(to be continued)


materia medica

Notopterygium Root


Botanical Name : Notopterygium incisium  
Parts Used : Radix seu Rhizoma  
Possible English Names : notopterygium root  
Japanese Name : kyoukatsu  
Chinese Name : qiang huo  
Property : warm  
Taste : pungent and bitter  
Affinity : the channels of the urinary bladder and KHS  
Effects : 1. dispersing cold to relieve exterior syndrome  
  2. expelling pathogenic wind-cold-dampness to arrest pain  
# "Exterior syndrome" refers to the symptoms and signs along with the cold and flu, such as chills, fever, headache, etc.



Indications :      
Signs, Symptoms and Illnesses Pattern Analysis Combination Formula

(1) chills, fever, headache, arthralgia, myalgia, etc

exterior syndrome due to exopathic wind-cold

ledebouriella root,

dahurian angelica root,

chinese wild ginger


(2) arthralgia and myalgia in the limbs, shoulder and back; especially in the upper part of the body

* Bell's palsy

due to pathogenic wind-cold-dampness

ledebouriella root,

pubescent angelica root



Note : "Combination" shows medicinal herbs usually or often used in combination with notopterygium root. "Formula" shows the one which contains the group of herbs on the left.





1. the early stage of the common cold and flu

2. Rheumatoid arthritis and other arthralgia

3. myalgia

4. Bell's palsy

Dosage :

3 - 9 grams

* 3 - 6 grams for common cold

Administration :    

to be decocted with water

for oral administration

( # see below )


Precautions :    

Cautious monitoring is needed because of its tendency to cause gastritis.

Dosage of notopterygium root must be restricted when it is used along with pubescent angelica root.


Warnings ( Contraindications ) :    

It must not be taken in the following cases.


1. the deficiency of gi and blood

2. exterior syndrome with dryness of the throat





# Decoction
(1) Tools: sauce pan ( non-metal ), bamboo basket ( “Take-zaru” ), bowl ( non-metal ), gauze
(2) How to make :
1. Pour 4 glasses of cold tap water ( about 800ml ) into the pan.
2. Remove the medicinal herbs from the paper bag ( packaging ).
3. Add them to the water.
4. Boil and stir for about 30 min, until the total volume of the water has been reduced to half.
First heat with a full flame, then once it’s boiled, reduce the flame to simmer.
5. Place the bamboo basket with 2 sheets of gauze onto the bowl.
6. Pour the boiling water and medicinal herbs through the filter.
* Gauze is sold at pharmacies ( 5m,10m,20m ).
You should cut the gauze into a suitable sized square.
7. Divide soup into 2 cups equally.