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Chinese Materia Medica(2)

1. Herbs for Relieving Exterior Syndromes (Pungent and Warm)

1) ephedra

2) cinnamon twig

3) schizonepeta

4) ledebouriella root

5) perilla leaf

6) fresh ginger

7) notopterygium root

8) dahurian angelica root

9) chinese lovage root

10) spring onion

11) magnolia flower

2. Herbs for Relieving Exterior Syndromes (Pungent and Cool)

(to be continued)


materia medica

Chinese Lovage Root


Botanical Name : Ligusticum sinense  
Parts Used : Radix(?)Rhizoma(?)  
Possible English Names : chinese lovage root  
Japanese Name : kouhon  
Chinese Name : gao ben  
Property : warm  
Taste : pungent  
Affinity : the channels of the urinary bladder  
Effects : dispelling exopathic wind-cold-dampness to arrest headache and arthralgia  
# "Exterior syndrome" refers to the symptoms and signs along with the cold and flu, such as chills, fever, headache, etc.



Indications :      
Signs, Symptoms and Illnesses Pattern Analysis Combination Formula

(1) ・headache ; especially pains at the top of the head


due to exopathic wind-cold

white atractylodes rhizome,

szechuan lovage rhizome

* headache due to chronic sinusitis

white atractylodes rhizome,

szechuan lovage rhizome

(2) arthralgia due to pathogenic wind-cold-dampness

ledebouriella root,

notopterygium root,

chinese clematis root,

atractylodes rhizome



Note : "Combination" shows medicinal herbs usually or often used in combination with chinese lovage root. "Formula" shows the one which contains the group of herbs on the left.




headache, migraine, chronic sinusitis arthralgia, etc  
Dosage : 2-9grams  
Administration :    

to be decocted with water

for oral administration

( # see below )


Warnings ( Contraindications ) :    

It must not be taken in the following cases.


1. headache due to blood deficiency

2. accumulation of pathogenic heat in the body or interior heat syndrome




# Decoction
(1) Tools: sauce pan ( non-metal ), bamboo basket ( “Take-zaru” ), bowl ( non-metal ), gauze
(2) How to make :
1. Pour 4 glasses of cold tap water ( about 800ml ) into the pan.
2. Remove the medicinal herbs from the paper bag ( packaging ).
3. Add them to the water.
4. Boil and stir for about 30 min, until the total volume of the water has been reduced to half.
First heat with a full flame, then once it’s boiled, reduce the flame to simmer.
5. Place the bamboo basket with 2 sheets of gauze onto the bowl.
6. Pour the boiling water and medicinal herbs through the filter.
* Gauze is sold at pharmacies ( 5m,10m,20m ).
You should cut the gauze into a suitable sized square.
7. Divide soup into 2 cups equally.