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Chinese Materia Medica(2)

1. Herbs for Relieving Exterior Syndromes (Pungent and Warm)

1) ephedra

2) cinnamon twig

3) schizonepeta

4) ledebouriella root

5) perilla leaf

6) fresh ginger

7) notopterygium root

8) dahurian angelica root

9) chinese lovage root

10) spring onion

11) magnolia flower

2. Herbs for Relieving Exterior Syndromes (Pungent and Cool)

(to be continued)


materia medica



Botanical Name : Schizonepeta tenuifolia  
Parts Used : Herba  
Possible English Names : schizonepeta  
  Japanese catnip  
Japanese Name : keigai  
Chinese Name : jing jie  
Property : slightly warm  
Taste : pungent  
Affinity : the channels of the LIS and LES  
Effects : 1. dispelling pathogenic wind to relieve exterior syndrome  
  2. dispelling pathogenic wind to relieve itching  
  3. promoting skin eruption  
  4. arresting bleeding  
# "Exterior syndrome" refers to the symptoms and signs along with the cold and flu, such as chills, fever, headache, etc.



Indications :      
Signs, Symptoms and Illnesses Pattern Analysis Combination Formula

(1) headache, fever, chills and no sweat

exterior syndrome due to exopathic wind-cold ledebouriella root, fresh ginger and
notopterygium root

* fever, headache, sore throat and eye redness ( conjunctivitis) exterior syndrome due to exopathic wind-heat platycodon root, peppermint and
forsythia fruit

(2) pruritus, rubella or measles without adequate eruption   peppermint, ledebouriella root, great burdock fruit and cicada

(3) hematemesis, nasal bleeding, fecal blood or metrorrhagia   other hemostatic herbs


Note : "Combination" shows medicinal herbs usually or often used in combination with schizonepeta. "Formula" shows the one which contains the group of herbs on the left.




the early stage of the common cold and flu, pharyngitis, tonsillitis, urticaria, measles, rubella, etc  
Dosage : 3 -9 grams  
Administration :    

to be decocted with water

for oral administration

( # see below )

* not to be decocted over a long period of time

* carbonized schizonepeta should be used for hemostasis



# Decoction
(1) Tools: sauce pan ( non-metal ), bamboo basket ( “Take-zaru” ), bowl ( non-metal ), gauze
(2) How to make :
1. Pour 4 glasses of cold tap water ( about 800ml ) into the pan.
2. Remove the medicinal herbs from the paper bag ( packaging ).
3. Add them to the water.
4. Boil and stir for about 30 min, until the total volume of the water has been reduced to half.
First heat with a full flame, then once it’s boiled, reduce the flame to simmer.
5. Place the bamboo basket with 2 sheets of gauze onto the bowl.
6. Pour the boiling water and medicinal herbs through the filter.
* Gauze is sold at pharmacies ( 5m,10m,20m ).
You should cut the gauze into a suitable sized square.
7. Divide soup into 2 cups equally.