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Chinese Materia Medica(2)

1. Herbs for Relieving Exterior Syndromes (Pungent and Warm)

1) ephedra

2) cinnamon twig

3) schizonepeta

4) ledebouriella root

5) perilla leaf

6) fresh ginger

7) notopterygium root

8) dahurian angelica root

9) chinese lovage root

10) spring onion

11) magnolia flower

2. Herbs for Relieving Exterior Syndromes (Pungent and Cool)

(to be continued)


materia medica

Dahurian Angelica Root


Botanical Name : Angelica dahurica  
Parts Used : Radix  
Possible English Names : dahurian angelica root  
Japanese Name : byakushi  
Chinese Name : bai zhi  
Property : warm  
Taste : pungent  
Affinity : the channels of the LIS and stomach  
Effects : 1. dispersing cold to relieve exterior syndrome  
  2. subduing swelling and promoting pus discharge  
  3. dispelling pathogenic wind to arrest pain  
  4. eliminating dampness to stop leukorrhagia  
# "Exterior syndrome" refers to the symptoms and signs along with the cold and flu, such as chills, fever, headache, etc.



Indications :      
Signs, Symptoms and Illnesses Pattern Analysis Combination Formula

(1) headache and nasal cogestion

exterior syndrome due to exopathic wind-cold

ledebouriella root,

notopterygium root


(2) headache, especially in the forehead and superciliary region


due to exopathic wind

ledebouriella root,

szechuan lovage rhizome

* toothache pathogenic wind-heat gypsum  
* headache due to chronic sinusitis

cocklebur fruit,

magnolia flower


(3) purulent inflammation of the skin


honeysuckle flower,


snakegourd root

* acute mastitis  

trichosanthes fruit,


thunberg fritillary bulb


(4) leukorrhagia


due to pathogenic cold-dampness

cuttle fish bone,

white atractylodes rhizome,


* leukorrhagia due to pathogenic heat-dampness phellodendron bark


Note : "Combination" shows medicinal herbs usually or often used in combination with dahurian angelica root. "Formula" shows the one which contains the group of herbs on the left.




the common cold, headache, chronic sinusitis, toothache, furunculosis, carbuncles, acute mastitis, leukorrhagia, etc  
Dosage : 3 - 9 grams  
Administration :    

to be decocted with water

for oral administration

( # see below )


Warnings ( Contraindications ) :    

It must not be taken in the following cases.


headache due to blood deficiency





# Decoction
(1) Tools: sauce pan ( non-metal ), bamboo basket ( “Take-zaru” ), bowl ( non-metal ), gauze
(2) How to make :
1. Pour 4 glasses of cold tap water ( about 800ml ) into the pan.
2. Remove the medicinal herbs from the paper bag ( packaging ).
3. Add them to the water.
4. Boil and stir for about 30 min, until the total volume of the water has been reduced to half.
First heat with a full flame, then once it’s boiled, reduce the flame to simmer.
5. Place the bamboo basket with 2 sheets of gauze onto the bowl.
6. Pour the boiling water and medicinal herbs through the filter.
* Gauze is sold at pharmacies ( 5m,10m,20m ).
You should cut the gauze into a suitable sized square.
7. Divide soup into 2 cups equally.