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Chinese Materia Medica(2)

1. Herbs for Relieving Exterior Syndromes (Pungent and Warm)

1) ephedra

2) cinnamon twig

3) schizonepeta

4) ledebouriella root

5) perilla leaf

6) fresh ginger

7) notopterygium root

8) dahurian angelica root

9) chinese lovage root

10) spring onion

11) magnolia flower

2. Herbs for Relieving Exterior Syndromes (Pungent and Cool)

(to be continued)


materia medica

Ledebouriella Root


Botanical Name : Ledebouriella seseloides  
Parts Used : Radix  
Possible English Names : ledebouriella root, saposhnikovia root  
Japanese Name : bouhuu  
Chinese Name : fang feng  
Property : sligtly warm  
Taste : pungent and sweet  
Affinity : the channels of the LES, DAS and urinary bladder  
Effects : 1. dispelling pathogenic wind to relieve exterior syndrome  
  2. removing dampness to relieve pain  
  3. expelling pathogenic wind to relieve itching  
  4. dispelling endogenous wind to relieve spasm  
# "Exterior syndrome" refers to the symptoms and signs along with the cold and flu, such as chills, fever, headache, etc.



Indications :      
Signs, Symptoms and Illnesses Pattern Analysis Combination Formula
(1) headache, fever, chills and arthralgia exterior syndrome due to exopathic wind-cold
  1. schizonepeta
  2. notopterygium root
Kei-Bou -Haidoku- San
(2) fever, headache and eyeredness exterior syndrome due to exopathic wind-heat
  1. schizonepeta
  2. baical skullcap
  3. peppermint
  4. forsythia fruit

(3) itching


due to exopathic wind-heat
  1. schizonepeta
  2. caltrop fruit
  3. peppermint

(4) headache


due to exopathic wind-dampness
  1. dahurian angelica root
  2. szechuan lovage rhizome


(5) arthralgia and muscle spasm of the limbs


due to exopathic wind-cold-dampness
  1. notopterygium root
  2. chinese angelica root

(6) opistho tonus, trismus, spasm and convulsion


  1. arisaema tuber
  2. giant typhonium
  3. gastrodia tuber



Note : "Combination" shows medicinal herbs usually or often used in combination with ledebouriella root. "Formula" shows the one which contains the group of herbs on the left.




the early stage of the common cold and flu, urticaria, pruritus, headache, arthralgia, tetanus, etc  
Dosage : 3-9grams  
Administration :    

to be decocted with water

for oral administration

( # see below )


Precautions :    
  This herb is mainly used for exogenous wind.  
Warnings ( Contraindications ) :    

It must not be taken in the following cases.


1. convulsion due to blood deficiency

2. hyperactivity of pathogenic fire due to yin deficiency




# Decoction
(1) Tools: sauce pan ( non-metal ), bamboo basket ( “Take-zaru” ), bowl ( non-metal ), gauze
(2) How to make :
1. Pour 4 glasses of cold tap water ( about 800ml ) into the pan.
2. Remove the medicinal herbs from the paper bag ( packaging ).
3. Add them to the water.
4. Boil and stir for about 30 min, until the total volume of the water has been reduced to half.
First heat with a full flame, then once it’s boiled, reduce the flame to simmer.
5. Place the bamboo basket with 2 sheets of gauze onto the bowl.
6. Pour the boiling water and medicinal herbs through the filter.
* Gauze is sold at pharmacies ( 5m,10m,20m ).
You should cut the gauze into a suitable sized square.
7. Divide soup into 2 cups equally.